Publications

    Counterfactuals

  • J. McCoy, T. D. Ullman, A. Stuhlmueller, T. Gerstenberg, J. B. Tenenbaum:
    Why blame Bob? Probabilistic generative models, counterfactual reasoning, and blame attribution (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #counterfactuals, #blame attribution, #probabilistic models, #causal reasoning
    @article{J.McCoy:2012:73e9e,
    author = {J. McCoy and T. D. Ullman and A. Stuhlmueller and T. Gerstenberg and J. B. Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Why blame Bob? Probabilistic generative models, counterfactual reasoning, and blame attribution},
    year = {2012},
    keywords = {counterfactuals, blame attribution, probabilistic models, causal reasoning},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://www.mit.edu/~ast/papers/blame-cogsci2012.pdf}
    }
  • T. Gerstenberg, N.D. Goodman, D.A. Lagnado, J.B. Tenenbaum:
    Noisy Newtons: Unifying process and dependency accounts of causal attribution (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #causality, #counterfactuals, #attribution, #intuitive physics
    @article{T.Gerstenberg:2012:8162b,
    author = {T. Gerstenberg and N.D. Goodman and D.A. Lagnado and J.B. Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Noisy Newtons: Unifying process and dependency accounts of causal attribution},
    year = {2012},
    keywords = {causality, counterfactuals, attribution, intuitive physics},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Noisy%20Newtons%20Unifying%20process%20and%20dependency%20accounts%20of%20causal%20attribution,%20Gerstenberg%20et%20al.,%202012.pdf}
    }
  • T. Gerstenberg, D.A. Lagnado:
    When contributions make a difference: Explaining order effects in responsibility attributions (pdf) (bibtex)
    Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
    #responsibility attribution, #order effect, #counterfactuals, #causal chain, #causal reasoning, #judgment and decision making, #social cognition
    @article{T.Gerstenberg:2012:ae79a,
    author = {T. Gerstenberg and D.A. Lagnado},
    journal = {Psychonomic Bulletin & Review},
    title = {When contributions make a difference: Explaining order effects in responsibility attributions},
    year = {2012},
    keywords = {responsibility attribution, order effect, counterfactuals, causal chain, causal reasoning, judgment and decision making, social cognition},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/When%20contributions%20make%20a%20difference%20(gerstenberg,%20lagnado,%202012).pdf}
    }
  • R. Zultan, T. Gerstenberg, D.A. Lagnado:
    Finding fault: Causality and counterfactuals in group attributions (pdf) (bibtex)
    Cognition
    #responsibility attribution, #counterfactuals, #causality, #groups
    @article{R.Zultan:2012:4cebb,
    author = {R. Zultan and T. Gerstenberg and D.A. Lagnado},
    journal = {Cognition},
    title = {Finding fault: Causality and counterfactuals in group attributions},
    year = {2012},
    keywords = {responsibility attribution, counterfactuals, causality, groups},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Finding%20fault%20Causality%20and%20counterfactuals%20in%20group%20attributions,%20Zultan,%20Gerstenberg,%20Lagnado,%202012.pdf}
    }
  • T. Gerstenberg, C. Bechlivanidis, D.A. Lagnado:
    Back on track: Backtracking in counterfactual reasoning (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #counterfactuals, #causality, #inference, #backtracking
    @article{T.Gerstenberg:2013:333a7,
    author = {T. Gerstenberg and C. Bechlivanidis and D.A. Lagnado},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Back on track: Backtracking in counterfactual reasoning},
    year = {2013},
    keywords = {counterfactuals, causality, inference, backtracking},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Back%20on%20track%20Backtracking%20in%20counterfactual%20reasoning,%20Gerstenberg,%20Bechlivanidis,%20Lagnado,%202013.pdf}
    }
  • D.A. Lagnado, T. Gerstenberg, R. Zultan:
    Causal responsibility and counterfactuals (pdf) (bibtex)
    Cognitive Science
    #causality, #counterfactuals, #responsibility attribution, #shared responsibility, #pivotality, #criticality
    @article{D.A.Lagnado:2013:0e33c,
    author = {D.A. Lagnado and T. Gerstenberg and R. Zultan},
    journal = {Cognitive Science},
    title = {Causal responsibility and counterfactuals},
    year = {2013},
    keywords = {causality, counterfactuals, responsibility attribution, shared responsibility, pivotality, criticality},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Causal%20responsibility%20and%20counterfactuals.,%20Lagnado,%20Gerstenberg,%20Zultan,%202013.pdf}
    }
  • J. F. Kominsky, J. Phillips, J. Knobe, T. Gerstenberg, D. A. Lagnado:
    Causal supersession (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #counterfactuals, #causality, #morality
    @article{J.F.Kominsky:2014:3ff18,
    author = {J. F. Kominsky and J. Phillips and J. Knobe and T. Gerstenberg and D. A. Lagnado},
    journal = { Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Causal supersession},
    year = {2014},
    keywords = {counterfactuals, causality, morality},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Causal%20supersession%20(Kominsky%20et%20al,%202014).pdf}
    }
  • T. Gerstenberg, T. D. Ullman, M. Kleiman-Weiner, D. A. Lagnado, J. B. Tenenbaum:
    Wins above replacement: Responsibility attributions as counterfactual replacements (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #responsibility, #attribution, #counterfactuals, #causality, #bayesian modeling, #theory of mind
    @article{T.Gerstenberg:2014:8eaf9,
    author = {T. Gerstenberg and T. D. Ullman and M. Kleiman-Weiner and D. A. Lagnado and J. B. Tenenbaum},
    journal = { Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Wins above replacement: Responsibility attributions as counterfactual replacements},
    year = {2014},
    keywords = {responsibility, attribution, counterfactuals, causality, bayesian modeling, theory of mind},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Wins%20above%20replacement%20(Gerstenberg%20et%20al,%202014).pdf}
    }
  • T. Gerstenberg, N. D. Goodman, D. A. Lagnado, J. B. Tenenbaum:
    From counterfactual simulation to causal judgment (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #causality, #counterfactuals, #simulation, #intuitive physics, #attribution
    @article{T.Gerstenberg:2014:10b25,
    author = {T. Gerstenberg and N. D. Goodman and D. A. Lagnado and J. B. Tenenbaum},
    journal = { Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {From counterfactual simulation to causal judgment},
    year = {2014},
    keywords = {causality, counterfactuals, simulation, intuitive physics, attribution},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/From%20counterfactual%20simulation%20to%20causal%20judgment%20(Gerstenberg%20et%20al,%202014).pdf}
    }
  • Max Kleiman-Weiner, Tobias Gerstenberg, Sydney Levine, Joshua B. Tenebaum:
    Inference of intention and permissibility in moral decision making (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #moral judgment, #social cognition, #intention, #theory of mind, #influence diagrams, #counterfactuals
    @article{MaxKleiman-Weiner:2015:c9207,
    author = {Max Kleiman-Weiner and Tobias Gerstenberg and Sydney Levine and Joshua B. Tenebaum},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Inference of intention and permissibility in moral decision making},
    year = {2015},
    keywords = {moral judgment, social cognition, intention, theory of mind, influence diagrams, counterfactuals},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://www.mit.edu/~maxkw/pdf/kleiman2015inference.pdf}
    }
  • Tobias Gerstenberg, Joshua B. Tenenbaum:
    Understanding “almost”: Empirical and computational studies of near misses (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #counterfactuals, #causality, #intuitive physics, #language, #almost
    @article{TobiasGerstenberg:2016:5328e,
    author = {Tobias Gerstenberg and Joshua B. Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Understanding “almost”: Empirical and computational studies of near misses},
    year = {2016},
    keywords = {counterfactuals, causality, intuitive physics, language, almost},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Understanding%20almost%20Empirical%20and%20computational%20studies%20of%20near%20misses,%20Gerstenberg,%20Tenenbaum,%202016.pdf}
    }
  • Mark Alicke, David Mandel, Denis Hilton, Tobias Gerstenberg, David Lagnado:
    Causal conceptions in social explanation and moral evaluation: A historical tour (pdf) (bibtex)
    Perspectives on Psychological Science
    #causality, #attribution, #counterfactuals, #theory of mind
    @article{MarkAlicke:2015:3d8b0,
    author = {Mark Alicke and David Mandel and Denis Hilton and Tobias Gerstenberg and David Lagnado},
    journal = {Perspectives on Psychological Science},
    title = {Causal conceptions in social explanation and moral evaluation: A historical tour},
    year = {2015},
    keywords = {causality, attribution, counterfactuals, theory of mind},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Causal%20Conceptions%20in%20Social%20Explanation%20and%20Moral%20Evaluation%20A%20Historical%20Tour,%20Alicke%20et%20al.,%202015.pdf}
    }
  • Kelsey Allen, Julian Jara-Ettinger, Tobias Gerstenberg, Max Kleiman-Weiner, Joshua Tenenbaum:
    Go fishing! Responsibility judgments when cooperation breaks down (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #responsibility, #cooperation, #counterfactuals, #causality, #social cognition
    @article{KelseyAllen:2015:2070d,
    author = {Kelsey Allen and Julian Jara-Ettinger and Tobias Gerstenberg and Max Kleiman-Weiner and Joshua Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Go fishing! Responsibility judgments when cooperation breaks down},
    year = {2015},
    keywords = {responsibility, cooperation, counterfactuals, causality, social cognition},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Go%20fishing!%20Responsibility%20judgments%20when%20cooperation%20breaks%20down,%20Allen%20et%20al.,%202015.pdf}
    }
  • Tobias Gerstenberg, Noah Goodman, David Lagnado, Joshua Tenenbaum:
    How, whether, why: Causal judgments as counterfactual contrasts (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #causality, #counterfactuals, #intuitive physics
    @article{TobiasGerstenberg:2015:8b39b,
    author = {Tobias Gerstenberg and Noah Goodman and David Lagnado and Joshua Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {How, whether, why: Causal judgments as counterfactual contrasts},
    year = {2015},
    keywords = {causality, counterfactuals, intuitive physics},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/How,%20whether,%20why%20Causal%20judgments%20as%20counterfactual%20contrasts,%20Gerstenberg%20et%20al.,%202015.pdf}
    }
  • Tobias Gerstenberg, Joseph Halpern, Joshua Tenenbaum:
    Responsibility judgments in voting scenarios (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #responsibility, #causality, #counterfactuals
    @article{TobiasGerstenberg:2015:2e47d,
    author = {Tobias Gerstenberg and Joseph Halpern and Joshua Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Responsibility judgments in voting scenarios},
    year = {2015},
    keywords = {responsibility, causality, counterfactuals},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Responsibility%20judgments%20in%20voting%20scenarios,%20Gerstenberg,%20Halpern,%20Tenenbaum,%202015.pdf}
    }
  • Jonathan Kominsky, Jonathan Phillips, Tobias Gerstenberg, David Lagnado, Joshua Knobe:
    Causal superseding (pdf) (bibtex)
    Cognition
    #causality, #attribution, #counterfactuals, #normality
    @article{JonathanKominsky:2015:4e74a,
    author = {Jonathan Kominsky and Jonathan Phillips and Tobias Gerstenberg and David Lagnado and Joshua Knobe},
    journal = {Cognition},
    title = {Causal superseding},
    year = {2015},
    keywords = {causality, attribution, counterfactuals, normality},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Causal%20superseding,%20Kominsky%20et%20al.,%202015.pdf}
    }
  • David Lagnado, Tobias Gerstenberg:
    A difference-making framework for intuitive judgments of responsibility (pdf) (bibtex)
    Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility
    #responsibility, #causality, #counterfactuals
    @article{DavidLagnado:2015:1ec9c,
    author = {David Lagnado and Tobias Gerstenberg},
    journal = {Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility},
    title = {A difference-making framework for intuitive judgments of responsibility},
    year = {2015},
    keywords = {responsibility, causality, counterfactuals},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/A%20Difference-Making%20Framework%20for%20Intuitive%20Judgments%20of%20Responsibility,%20Lagnado,%20Gerstenberg,%202015.pdf}
    }
  • Tobias Gerstenberg, Joshua B. Tenenbaum:
    Intuitive Theories (pdf) (bibtex)
    Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning
    #intuitive theories, #causality, #counterfactuals, #intuitive physics, #intuitive psychology
    @article{TobiasGerstenberg:2017:9a988,
    author = {Tobias Gerstenberg and Joshua B. Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning},
    title = {Intuitive Theories},
    year = {2017},
    keywords = {intuitive theories, causality, counterfactuals, intuitive physics, intuitive psychology},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Intuitive%20Theories,%20Gerstenberg,%20Tenenbaum,%202017.pdf}
    }
  • David A. Lagnado, Tobias Gerstenberg:
    Causation in legal and moral reasoning (pdf) (bibtex)
    Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning
    #causal reasoning, #moral reasoning, #counterfactuals
    @article{DavidA.Lagnado:2017:4f10c,
    author = {David A. Lagnado and Tobias Gerstenberg},
    journal = {Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning},
    title = {Causation in legal and moral reasoning},
    year = {2017},
    keywords = {causal reasoning, moral reasoning, counterfactuals},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Causation%20in%20legal%20and%20moral%20reasoning,%20Lagnado,%20Gerstenberg,%202017.pdf}
    }
  • Simon Stephan, Pascale Willemsen, Tobias Gerstenberg:
    Marbles in Inaction: Counterfactual Simulation and Causation by Omission (pdf) (bibtex)
    Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    #causality, #counterfactuals, #causation by omission, #causal attribution, #mental simulation, #intuitive physics
    @article{SimonStephan:2017:26b30,
    author = {Simon Stephan and Pascale Willemsen and Tobias Gerstenberg},
    journal = {Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
    title = {Marbles in Inaction: Counterfactual Simulation and Causation by Omission},
    year = {2017},
    keywords = {causality, counterfactuals, causation by omission, causal attribution, mental simulation, intuitive physics},
    doi = {},
    url = {http://web.mit.edu/tger/www/papers/Marbles%20in%20Inaction%20Counterfactual%20Simulation%20and%20Causation%20by%20Omission,%20Stephan,%20Willemsen,%20Gerstenberg,%202017.pdf}
    }
  • Tobias Gerstenberg, Matthew F Peterson, Noah D Goodman, David A Lagnado, Joshua B Tenenbaum:
    Eye-Tracking Causality (web) (doi) (bibtex)
    Psychological Science
    #causality, #counterfactuals, #mental simulation, #intuitive physics, #eye tracking, #open data, #open materials
    @article{TobiasGerstenberg:2017:9fd98,
    author = {Tobias Gerstenberg and Matthew F Peterson and Noah D Goodman and David A Lagnado and Joshua B Tenenbaum},
    journal = {Psychological Science},
    title = { Eye-Tracking Causality},
    year = {2017},
    keywords = {causality, counterfactuals, mental simulation, intuitive physics, eye tracking, open data, open materials},
    doi = {10.1177/0956797617713053},
    url = {http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0956797617713053}
    }

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